Typically, a project starts with a feasibility study, which in itself is a risk analysis. The next step (identification of critical process parameters) should be to determine what risk the equipment poses to the product. This should be done as part of the requirements gathering to support the identification of Critical Process Parameters (CPP) and Critical Quality Attributes (CQA).
The classification of the equipment in relation to the process can be done as follows:
In the design phase, a risk analysis is carried out to identify risks due to process or design changes, pipe routing as well as arrangement of sensor technology and to still act on the design, equipment and monitoring devices in time. Based on the drawings (P&ID, equipment design drawings) and other specifications (functional descriptions, hardware specifications), the evaluation of the equipment and the determination of the measures to minimise the risk takes place.
The following measures are possible:
To trace all measures in the qualification, a proof of completeness (traceability matrix) must be provided. This can be done by referencing test protocol numbers, SOP numbers, maintenance plans, etc. in the risk analysis. Reference must be made in the qualification report to the fact that all risk reduction measures have been taken.
The text is a translated excerpt of the German GMP knowledge portal GMP:KnowHow Anlagenqualifizierung (equipment qualification).
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